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Online Counter Lock, Stock, and History
Lock, Stock, and History
peashooter85:

A kiss is not just a kiss —- The Anti-Kissing Movement
"It is time to declare war on kissing and I am willing to go on record as firing the first gun."—-Dr. Anna Hatfield, 29th of December, 1900
The anti-kissing movement was a real progressive movement founded around the late 1800’s and lasting up to around the late 1920’s.  They often worked hand-in-hand with the temperance movement ( wanted to ban alcohol) and the growing number fundamentalist Christian groups around the turn of the century.  Most anti-kissers formulated their opinions on moral grounds, especially with the perceived breakdown of traditional Christian/American values during the post-world war I era and the roaring 1920’s.  For many kissing was held in the same view as traditional sex, only to be done between a married man and woman.  Others believed that kissing should be restricted for those under a certain age.
One vocal opponent of kissing was Dr. Anna Hatfield, a member of the local Women’s Christian Temperance Union, who made both health and moral arguments against the “barbarous and unsanitary custom”.  She declared kissing to be worse than drinking and a practice only to be conducted between betrothed couples.  She went further to pronounce that kissing between married couples should only be done once a day, and only after thoroughly cleansing the mouth with soap or disinfectant.  She also makes clear, “As for the moral bacteria, that is even more dangerous. Girls are not taught to view a kiss with awe, as they once were. Mothers of today are to blame for imbuing their children with the kissing vice. Many children are literally kissed to death.”
Unlike many other social progressive movements such as Women’s Suffrage groups, the Temperance Movement, and other moral crusaders, the anti-kissers never became very popular, being seen as a bit extreme and radical.  By the late 1920’s and 1930 the anti-kissing movement had died out.

peashooter85:

A kiss is not just a kiss —- The Anti-Kissing Movement

"It is time to declare war on kissing and I am willing to go on record as firing the first gun."
—-Dr. Anna Hatfield, 29th of December, 1900

The anti-kissing movement was a real progressive movement founded around the late 1800’s and lasting up to around the late 1920’s.  They often worked hand-in-hand with the temperance movement ( wanted to ban alcohol) and the growing number fundamentalist Christian groups around the turn of the century.  Most anti-kissers formulated their opinions on moral grounds, especially with the perceived breakdown of traditional Christian/American values during the post-world war I era and the roaring 1920’s.  For many kissing was held in the same view as traditional sex, only to be done between a married man and woman.  Others believed that kissing should be restricted for those under a certain age.

One vocal opponent of kissing was Dr. Anna Hatfield, a member of the local Women’s Christian Temperance Union, who made both health and moral arguments against the “barbarous and unsanitary custom”.  She declared kissing to be worse than drinking and a practice only to be conducted between betrothed couples.  She went further to pronounce that kissing between married couples should only be done once a day, and only after thoroughly cleansing the mouth with soap or disinfectant.  She also makes clear, “As for the moral bacteria, that is even more dangerous. Girls are not taught to view a kiss with awe, as they once were. Mothers of today are to blame for imbuing their children with the kissing vice. Many children are literally kissed to death.”

Unlike many other social progressive movements such as Women’s Suffrage groups, the Temperance Movement, and other moral crusaders, the anti-kissers never became very popular, being seen as a bit extreme and radical.  By the late 1920’s and 1930 the anti-kissing movement had died out.

Weird Medieval Marginalia, Part II

Medieval book margin art, because sometime medieval monks got bored.

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The Soviet Flying Tank —- The Antonov KT-40

During World War II paratroopers were ideal for conducting harassing attacks behind enemy lines and capturing key positions at the beginning of a military campaign.  However paratroopers can only bring into battle what they carry on their backs.  Thus, paratroopers are typically short on heavy equipment, important things like heavy machine guns, artillery, vehicles, and tanks.  To solve this problem, the Soviet Antonov Bureau designed the KT-40 in 1940.

The KT-40, nicknamed the “flying tank”, consisted of a T-60 light tank outfitted with a pair of wooden fabric wings.  It was planned that the flying tanks would be towed into the air by larger aircraft, then release when they reached their drop zone.  Once released the tank would glide to its destination, hopefully landing safely with its treads acting as landing gear.  The wooden wings would then be removed so that the tank could roll on into battle.

Only one KT-40 prototype was produced in 1942 and tested.  The KT-40 didn’t exactly fly gracefully as drag and weight cause the engines of the tow plane to quickly overheat.  The KT-40 was released early but landed safely, being piloted by the Soviet tank driver Sergei Anokin.  The KT-40 design was considered a failure and scrapped as there was no plane in the Soviet Union powerful enough tow the 6 ton tank.  Attempts were made to lighten the tank by stripping it of armor and weapons, but this would have made it too vulnerable to German guns.

The Medical Treatment of George Washington,
On December 12th, 1799 George Washington spent most of the day riding his horse and inspecting his plantation.  The next day, despite a sore throat, he again rode out on a snowy day to mark trees which he wanted cut.  His personal secretary, Colonel Lear, suggested that Washington take medicine, but Washington refused stating he never took medicine for a minor cold.
On the night of December 14th, Washington awoke in severe respiratory distress, so much so that he could barely speak or catch his breath.  The first to attempt to treat Washington was his estate manager, one Albin Rawlins, who administered a medicinal concoction of molasses, vinegar, and butter.  When Washington tried to swallow the medicine, he had a fit of convulsions.  Seeing that Washington’s state of health was serious, Mr. Rawlins decided to resort to bloodletting, removing a half a pint of blood from the former President. His neck was then wrapped in a piece of cloth coated with a salve latola (don’t know what this is) and his feet were bathed in warm water.
Word of Washington’s illness was sent to his physician, Dr. James Craik, as well as Dr. Elisha Cullen Dick and Dr. Gustavus Richard Brown.  Once arriving, Dr. Craik spread a paste made from dried beetles on Washington’s throat, then bled another 40 ounces of blood.  Another medicinal concoction of vinegar was fed to Washington, but again this led to severe coughing and convulsions.  Unable to administer the medicine, Dr. Craik bled another 40 ounces of blood from Washington. Dr. Craik then spread more beetle paste on Washington’s throat.
Dr. Dick arrived later in the afternoon and bled another 32 ounces of blood from Washington.  Dr. Brown arrived shortly thereafter.  It was then that the three doctors administered an enema containing calomel, a chloride compound containing mercury, and cream of tartar. The doctors then smeared his legs with wheat bran.
By evening it was becoming quite clear that Washington’s illness was rapidly progressing despite the doctors treatments.  As the infection in Washington’s throat quickly spread, swelling threatened to cut off his airway.  In a last ditch effort, Dr. Dick suggested they perform a tracheostomy to maintain Washington’s airway.  However the other physicians disagreed with his idea.
As the infection worsened, Washington slowly drifted into respiratory arrest.  Finally on 10:10 PM, Washington stopped breathing and passed away.

The Medical Treatment of George Washington,

On December 12th, 1799 George Washington spent most of the day riding his horse and inspecting his plantation.  The next day, despite a sore throat, he again rode out on a snowy day to mark trees which he wanted cut.  His personal secretary, Colonel Lear, suggested that Washington take medicine, but Washington refused stating he never took medicine for a minor cold.

On the night of December 14th, Washington awoke in severe respiratory distress, so much so that he could barely speak or catch his breath.  The first to attempt to treat Washington was his estate manager, one Albin Rawlins, who administered a medicinal concoction of molasses, vinegar, and butter.  When Washington tried to swallow the medicine, he had a fit of convulsions.  Seeing that Washington’s state of health was serious, Mr. Rawlins decided to resort to bloodletting, removing a half a pint of blood from the former President. His neck was then wrapped in a piece of cloth coated with a salve latola (don’t know what this is) and his feet were bathed in warm water.

Word of Washington’s illness was sent to his physician, Dr. James Craik, as well as Dr. Elisha Cullen Dick and Dr. Gustavus Richard Brown.  Once arriving, Dr. Craik spread a paste made from dried beetles on Washington’s throat, then bled another 40 ounces of blood.  Another medicinal concoction of vinegar was fed to Washington, but again this led to severe coughing and convulsions.  Unable to administer the medicine, Dr. Craik bled another 40 ounces of blood from Washington. Dr. Craik then spread more beetle paste on Washington’s throat.

Dr. Dick arrived later in the afternoon and bled another 32 ounces of blood from Washington.  Dr. Brown arrived shortly thereafter.  It was then that the three doctors administered an enema containing calomel, a chloride compound containing mercury, and cream of tartar. The doctors then smeared his legs with wheat bran.

By evening it was becoming quite clear that Washington’s illness was rapidly progressing despite the doctors treatments.  As the infection in Washington’s throat quickly spread, swelling threatened to cut off his airway.  In a last ditch effort, Dr. Dick suggested they perform a tracheostomy to maintain Washington’s airway.  However the other physicians disagreed with his idea.

As the infection worsened, Washington slowly drifted into respiratory arrest.  Finally on 10:10 PM, Washington stopped breathing and passed away.

This Blog is Brought to you by,
Nigger Hair Tobacco
As a white man do you get that craving for nicotine and racism?  Then perhaps you need a can of Nigger Hair Tobacco.  Smoke it, chew it, doesn’t matter, no other tobacco on the market will give you that perfect blend of cancer and bigotry. Nigger Hair Tobacco, racism never tasted so good!
"Nigger Hair Tobacco" was an actual brand that sold from 1878 up to the 1950’s.  During the 1950’s, the brand was renamed "Bigger Hair Tobacco" after being pressured by the NAACP.

This Blog is Brought to you by,

Nigger Hair Tobacco

As a white man do you get that craving for nicotine and racism?  Then perhaps you need a can of Nigger Hair Tobacco.  Smoke it, chew it, doesn’t matter, no other tobacco on the market will give you that perfect blend of cancer and bigotry. Nigger Hair Tobacco, racism never tasted so good!

"Nigger Hair Tobacco" was an actual brand that sold from 1878 up to the 1950’s.  During the 1950’s, the brand was renamed "Bigger Hair Tobacco" after being pressured by the NAACP.

The He-gassen Scroll, AKA the Japanese Fart Battle. Edo Period,

A copy painted in 1846, the original is thought to have been painted in the 14th century.  A digitized version of the He-gassen can be found at the Waseda University website.

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The Olin Winchester Salvo Rifle,

During the 1950’s the US Military experimented with the concept of a Salvo rifle, a rifle that could increase the probability of hitting a target by firing multiple projectiles with one shot.  Numerous prototypes were created which fired special duplex (two bullet) or triplex (three bullet) cartridges.  The Winchester Salvo was one prototype based off of the FAL.  An extremely bizarre weapon, the Winchester Salvo featured two barrels  and two chambers which fired simultaneously.  As a result, the Winchester Salvo used two magazines at once.  While the Win Salvo was double barreled and fired both simultaneously, it only had one bolt with double extractors, and was operated with one gas system.  It could be operated in semi automatic and fully automatic, and when fired the spent casings were ejected to the left and right.

To increase the Win Salvo’s firepower even further, the weapon used special 5.56 T65 Duplex ammunition.  The T65 Duplex cartridge used 7.62 NATO brass, necked down to 5.56mm.  However the Duplex cartridge featured two 35 grain or 41 grain bullets, with each seated on top of each other inside the cartridge.  Thus when fired, the Duplex cartridge would fire two 5.56 projectiles at once.  With the Winchester Salvo rifle, four projectiles would be fired with each trigger pull.  Obviously when used in fully automatic fire, the Win Salvo sprayed a formidable stream of lead.

The bizarre Winchester Salvo produced by the Springfield Armory for US Army Ordnance testing.  The Army rejected the design for a number or reasons.  First and foremost the firing of two 5.56 T65 Duplex cartridges produced 25% more recoil than a .30-06 M1 Garand.  The Win Salvo was also very heavy, weighing almost 12 pounds, 3 pounds heavier than the standard M14 battle rifle.  Finally the Win Salvo was an ammo hog, firing two magazines worth of ammunition simultaneously.  Remaining prototypes are currently on display at the Springfield Armory Museum.

A walking staff sword, warpick, and wheellock pistol combo weapon.  Originates from Augsburg, Germany, late 16th century.
Currently on display at the Art Institute of Chicago.

A walking staff sword, warpick, and wheellock pistol combo weapon.  Originates from Augsburg, Germany, late 16th century.

Currently on display at the Art Institute of Chicago.

French Revolutionary propaganda depicting Marie Antoinette leading a Gen. Lafayette on a giant walking penis, circa 1790.
The caricature is implying that Marie Antoinette slept around with powerful men in the French military and government.

French Revolutionary propaganda depicting Marie Antoinette leading a Gen. Lafayette on a giant walking penis, circa 1790.

The caricature is implying that Marie Antoinette slept around with powerful men in the French military and government.

That time when a naval fleet was defeated by Cavalry,

In 1795 pretty much ever major power in Europe was determined to quash the newly formed French Republic.  Enemies attacked from all sides, and in the Netherlands one of the most unusual events in military history would occur; the defeat of a naval fleet by a cavalry force.

As part of the French Revolutionary Wars, France initiated a surprise attack and invasion of the Netherlands.  After captured Amsterdam in January of 1795, the French commander Gen. Jean-Charles Pichegru learned that the Dutch fleet was anchored off of Den Helder, 90km north of Amsterdam, and were quickly removing the ice covering the port’s bay so that they could escape to Britain. The winter was very cold that year, so much of the rivers and coastal bays were frozen over. Gen. Pichegru gave one of his commanders, Brig. Gen. Jean-Guillame de Winter command 8th Hussar Regiment and the 15th Line Infantry, and ordered him to make haste to Den Helder and either capture or destroy the Dutch fleet before they could escape.

To travel to Den Helder as fast as possible, Gen. de Winter order each Hussar to carry an infantrymen with him on his horse.  The men arrived 3 days later, and quietly made their way through Den Helder without being spotted by Dutch sailors.  The next morning they lined up at the bay’s shore and found the ice still intact, with the Dutch fleet still trapped in the harbor.  On the morning of Sept. 23rd, 1795, Gen. de Winter ordered his men to charge the Dutch fleet.  With the 8th Hussars at the lead, the French galloped over the ice and attacked the Dutch ships.  The Dutch, unprepared for a cavalry assault, were not cleared for action and hadn’t even loaded their guns.  By the time the Dutch were ready for combat, dismounted Hussars and infantry were scaling the ships and climbing on the decks.  

The attack on the Dutch fleet was a successful, with 14 ships of the line and 880 guns captured.  It was the only time in history a naval force has been defeated by a cavalry charge.

The Greatest Itching Powder Prank in History

During World War II British intelligence and Secret Services were probably the best at spying and clandestine warfare in all of history.  Almost every major Allied operation had a good amount of deception and trickery which made the Germans chase their own tails on a number of occasions.  Often, their operations depended on advanced technology, a complicated network of spies and double agents, and a great amount of luck.  However, some British spy operations seemed less like James Bond missions and more like childhood mischief.

During the war, the British SOE (Special Operations Executive) began a program to smuggle itching powder into the Third Reich.  The itching powder developed by SOE was no common joke shop itching powder, but a powder so potent that exposure could be excruciating, with some needing hospitalization if exposed.  The itching powder was smuggled into Germany from Switzerland in foot powder tins, where resistance groups working as laundresses and clothiers sprinkled the powder on military uniforms.  The hardest hit was the German Kriegsmarine (navy), when in October of 1943 25,000 U-Boat crew uniforms were contaminated with the itching powder.  What resulted was a massive epidemic of severe dermatitis that swept through the U-Boat fleet.  The epidemic was so bad that one U-Boat crew had to turn around and return to port for medical treatment. 

German uniforms were not the only target for itching powder attacks.  Other targets included bedding, underwear, and toilet paper.  When a sizable amount of itching powder was smuggled into Norway, the Norwegian resistance made especially effective use of it by sprinkling the powder in condoms.  As a result in Trondheim throughout the war numerous cases of German soldiers being hospitalized for extreme pain from their private parts were reported.

Regulating Reincarnation —- The State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No.5
In 2007 the People’s Republic of China instituted the State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No.5, also known as “Measures on the Management of the Reincarnation of Living Buddhas”
According to the law, those wishing to be reincarnated and reborn must submit an application and obtain a license with the Chinese Government.  Otherwise the reincarnation will be deemed “illegal and invalid.”  The law was created to regulate Tulkus, who are Tibetan Buddhist teachers who claim to be reincarnations of past teachers.
Reincarnation Applications have to be submitted to four governmental bodies for approval, specifically the religious affairs department of the provincial-level government, the provincial-level government, State Administration for Religious Affairs, and the State Council.

Regulating Reincarnation —- The State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No.5

In 2007 the People’s Republic of China instituted the State Religious Affairs Bureau Order No.5, also known as “Measures on the Management of the Reincarnation of Living Buddhas”

According to the law, those wishing to be reincarnated and reborn must submit an application and obtain a license with the Chinese Government.  Otherwise the reincarnation will be deemed “illegal and invalid.”  The law was created to regulate Tulkus, who are Tibetan Buddhist teachers who claim to be reincarnations of past teachers.

Reincarnation Applications have to be submitted to four governmental bodies for approval, specifically the religious affairs department of the provincial-level government, the provincial-level government, State Administration for Religious Affairs, and the State Council.

Ancient Greek/Roman marble relief panel depicting a winged penis, 1st century AD.

Ancient Greek/Roman marble relief panel depicting a winged penis, 1st century AD.

The Tale of Two Lovers —- An Erotic Novel of the Middle Ages

Aenus Slyvius Piccolimini was a popular Italian poet and novelist in the 15th century, around the the late Middle Ages and early Italian Renaissance.  In 1444 he wrote The Tale of Two Lovers, which became one of the most popular books in the 15th century.  However, The Tale of Two Lovers was not an ordinary novel, but an erotic novel that used vivid imagery combined with graphic sexual innuendo.  The Tale of Two Lovers was the story of a married woman and a servant, who after a while fall in love, write dirty letters to each other, and eventually shag up a number of times.  While today the writing of The Tale of Two Lovers is pretty mild compared to modern day pop culture, in the Middle Ages it was some raunchy stuff.  For example, 

When she saw her lover, she clasped him in her arms. There was embracing and kissing, and with full sail they followed their lusts andwearied Venus, now with Ceres, and now with Bacchus was refreshed.” 

WOW! That’s some really hot stuff right there!  Mothers covered their children’s ears, wives scolded their husband’s jealously, and almost every literate person in Medieval Europe had the book carefully stashed away.  Following the success of A Tale of Two Lovers, Piccolomini wrote other similar novels, becoming a household name among Late Medieval people’s comparable in fame to Ron Jeremy today.

While the notion of an erotic novel being written at a time when fornicators were burned at the stake, perhaps the most interesting aspect of the book was its author, Piccolimini.  As he grew older, Piccolimini became a more serious figure in Medieval Europe, serving in the courts of various kings and emperors, becoming an ambassador of the Pope, and becoming a key figure in Medieval European politics.  Then he was ordained a priest, and rose in ranks to become Bishop of Trieste and Sienna.  In 1458 he was elected Pope, and took the regnal name Pius II. Yes, that’s right, there was once a Pope who was a pornographer.  Although Pius II’s smut days were long over, it was something that held over his head by his critics and enemies until his death in 1464.  Editions of The Tale of Two Lovers continued to be printed during his reign and even after his death.  Today, modern translated versions had once again been introduced to the public.

Modern editions can be found at most online book vendors such as Amazon and Google.  A free version can be found on the website provided as a source.

Real life historical figures who would make excellent Bond villains.
Grigori Rasputin: Russian mystic, psychic, faith healer, and adviser to the Romanovs in the early 20th century up to World War I. Was supposedly almost impossible to kill when he was assassinated. 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grigori_Rasputin#Turn_to_religious_life

Real life historical figures who would make excellent Bond villains.

Grigori Rasputin: Russian mystic, psychic, faith healer, and adviser to the Romanovs in the early 20th century up to World War I. Was supposedly almost impossible to kill when he was assassinated. 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grigori_Rasputin#Turn_to_religious_life